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Button Fetish: Daedelus’ Journey From 4-Track To Monome

If you think watching electronic music live is boring, you’ve clearly never watched Daedelus go crazy with his Monome. Born Alfred Darlington, the Los Angeles-based producer is the Van Halen of the Monome controllerism scene. In today’s interview, we talked with him about his favorite gear, the state of electronic music, and his work with MIT engineers that will change musical performances forever.

Real Name: Alfred Darlington
What He Does: Producer/DJ/Multi-Instrumentalist
Current City: Los Angeles, CA
For Fans Of: Dabrye, Prefuse 73, Flying Lotus
Latest Release: Drown Out (Anticon)


Daedelus performing live
Daedelus performing live

“I knew I wanted to be a musician since I was very young,” says Alfred Darlington. “As kids encounter that time honored question about what you wanna be when you grow up, my answer has always been musician, since I was like seven or eight.” But, his musical journey to becoming Daedelus didn’t begin with electronica.

“I started being a more traditional instrumentalist, playing double bass and bass clarinet; these instruments that are just incredibly acoustic. Although I was a fan of electronic music from a young age as well, I had no idea how people did it. I had no idea how synthesis worked.”

Up until the late ’90s, Darlington saw production as a mystery, until he finally decided to give it a shot himself. His first foray into electronic music wasn’t on a synth, sampler or drum machine. It was much simpler.

“The first piece of gear I used was a 4-track, where you could manipulate tape speed to get unearthly sounds.”

He would also experiment with pedals, hacking them and tinkering with the different noises that would occur due to battery sags. This began a career long fascination with using devices in ways they weren’t originally intended. He points to Roland’s infamous TB-303, which was intended to be an accompaniment tool for guitarists. “It’s one of those things where it totally failed in the given market it was made for,” he says. “But the way people hacked it; they way they basically designed a whole genre of music around it, changed it fundamentally.”


Daedalus's Monome's: at right, an early Monome two fifty six, below a
Daedalus’s various Monomes

These days, he’s best known for his work with the Monome, a minimalist, multi-use, grid-based MIDI controller. He stumbled onto the device in 2003 after playing a show in San Diego with it’s main inventor, Brian Crabtree. Before that, Darlington had depended on hardware to recreate his studio sounds live.

“If you wanted to perform the music, you had to bring your desktop out to shows, which people did. That was bananas […] Or, you basically got a whole bunch of hardware and you cobbled it together to make your sounds. I had been in that vein.”

The A-3000 sampler from Yamaha
The A-3000 sampler from Yamaha

His main piece was a Yamaha A-3000 sampler, but he quickly grew tired of the limitations it presented. “I only had ten fingers and at most they could change one or two parameters at a time. It felt really slow.” When he first saw the Monome in action, Darlington says it blew his mind.

His love for the Monome is evident as he describes it’s various uses and functions. But, when he starts talking about it’s buttons, the excitement hits a fever pitch. “I have become a fetishist for button action,” he says, cracking up. “That sounds really dirty, but I don’t mean it that way.” Darlington is particularly interested in the amount of press that buttons have, and they way they react with your fingers. He also favors them largely over knobs, which don’t provide the amount of control he requires. “This is kind of silly, but when you have a knob, it takes a bunch of fingers to manipulate a knob,” he explains. “A button is much more easy and much more linear.”

When asked how the Monome compares to other controllers in the field, Darlington says there’s a variety of differences. He’s also quick to point out that the Monome came before them. “There’s a lot of people who have seized the grid system as being a really valid one,” he says, referring to Novation’s Launchpad and Akai’s APC. “There’s even a new version of Serato [referring to the Slicer], where it maps the grid of buttons to certain moments in the song. There’s a lot of people catching up.” But for him, it all goes back to those buttons. “Not to say that this is better or worse. It’s just whatever you’re used to. I just particularly like the way the Monome presses. There’s a definitive press, and yet it’s also gentle ,” he says. “You can really get into it.”

Darlington’s main sample manipulator is the Monome Two Fifty Six, named for the amount of buttons it’s grid encompasses. He uses an application called mlr to run it – available for free at You can see lots of his amazing live performances with the device on YouTube, but he’s quick to stress that he also incorporates the machine into his studio set-up too: “I generally keep it in the studio because I like the decisions I make live.”


Performing at Dublab
Performing at Dublab

Darlington is so obsessed with the way devices work and interact, that’s he’s currently collaborating with people that come from the MIT Media Lab to create new devices and technology for music creation and performance. His ideas revolve around changing the way that audiences interact with the performer. Using Haptics, he’s exploring systems that would allow concertgoers a chance to be a vital part of the show. “[It’s] this kind of holistic idea that this person is adding their own part of the performance, but also being performed on – literally.” He’s not sure about the commercial implementation of such a concept, but Darlington says the technology is there – “We’re not far away from this at all,” he adds.

Keeping the audience engaged is very important to Darlington. “I think there’s an act that a lot of DJs employ where everything is so sewn up,” he says. “There’s a lot of flash and bright lights and production that goes into EDM shows. This genre of music has gotten bigger and bigger and it’s occupying stadiums, and there’s a lot of coordination between a team of people. But, what increasingly happens is music stops being present.” He welcomes the attention and popularity electronic music has received in recent years. He offers praise for people like Skrillex, and sees it as a gateway drug for those who wish to go deeper. But he’s worried about the effect that big money will have on performances. “If we keep on pursuing this idea of more and more lights and less and less art activity, the dance aspect is going to go away, and people are just going to go to a concert to listen. I like this idea of keeping the dance in the mix, the idea of motion and interactivity between the audience and the performer.”

This brings up Daft Punk’s Grammy performance, which received criticism from people who were angry that the duo were essentially doing the electronic music equivalent of lip-synching. “Who thinks that’s the future of performance?,” Darlington asks. He thinks fans not only deserve better, but they also are becoming aware of the sham. “The audience senses that. They sense that they’re watching a really grandiose movie, but essentially they’re all standing up and paying $50 to watch a movie.” The key for him is to do the opposite, and take the secrecy out of it. “I face my equipment forward so they can see what the action is on the Monome.” He also invites the audience to be more involved. “Just like I have a say in their evening, hopefully they have a say in mine. Together, we kind of go somewhere. I try to stay as present as possible.”


Daeelus In his home studio (holding a PocketPiano GR from Critter & Guitari)
Daeelus in his modest home studio (holding a PocketPiano GR from Critter & Guitari)

In the studio, he’s an avid collector of Moog’s analog effect modules, Moogerfoogers, owning almost all of the units except the Bass Murf – probably a big part of why he’s playing Moogfest next month. He also is  finishing up two albums. One is a collaboration with Grammy-nominated saxophonist Ben Wendal. Working with other artists allows him to step outside of his usual surroundings. “I love the aspect of being a composer, producer, and working in that space, but I don’t wanna stare at myself in a screen all day. That isn’t what I signed up for.”

When it comes to advice for aspiring producers, Daedelus offers some simple advice:

“It’s challenging nowadays to tell people that there’s any one starting place. I know so many different people who’ve started on different kinds of equipment and have made great music. So, it isn’t like I can tell people, ‘oh get Ableton,’ ‘get Reason,’ or ‘get Acid’, or ‘get Pro Tools’, or any other program to start with. I’ve heard people do amazing things with programs or hardware.”

Instead he encourages people to utilize whatever technology is at their disposal and to try to really understand the music they are interested in. His main suggestion is to do a remix:

“I think in the process of a remixing a song you have to start to understand and wrestle with how it works. You are developing a voice that may become house or techno or whatever, but you have to start somewhere. That’s on the shoulders of someone else. Everyone is kind of working that way.”

He’s confident that young producers will carry electronic music forward, solely due to their naivety, which he sees as a positive trait. “The fact that Jimi Hendrix existed means that you should never play guitar,” he says with a laugh. “When you’re young and dumb – for lack of a better term – you don’t know any better and you can be as good, if not better than Jimi, you know, because it’s not a competition. That’s not what music is about.” He adds: “That’s a beautiful thing and I think that sense of innocence does win. It tends to win.”

Daedelus playing a few shows this summer, including Moogfest, which is a five day festival dedicated to the synthesis of technology, art and music.  The festival honors the creativity and inventiveness of Bob Moog and pays tribute to the legacy of the analog synthesizer with an experimental lineup including Kraftwerk 3D, Pet Shop Boys, Flying Lotus & more.  Single day passes and 5-day GA passes available here.

  • Wuce Brayne (the Bitman)

    Just checking in to let the record show that he killed it at Moogfest. The videos here don’t do him justice, extremely good set and the man can work across so many genres. Would definitely pay to see him again.

  • RitmiMusic

    Does the Monome have any physical differences with other controllers like the MidiFighter and the launchpad, or is just a normal midi controller with cool buttons?

  • misksound

    excellent interview. Alfred’s seriously the nicest person on the planet. He’s pretty regularly on the monome forums as well. I highly recommend anyone who hasn’t felt like monomes were simple (on the software end) to check out their latest app – their first standalone app that doesnt require max runtime – it’s called _sum and it’s kind of the shit. plug in a grid and go!

  • JPIC

    Dude’s got some cool philosophy, no doubt about that. I’ll be sure to keep a watch out for him.

  • Kio

    Who cares to watch electronic music being performed anyway? Get on the dance floor and enjoy yourself. Dance music is not a concert. It’s meant to dance to. Hence the name.

    • Ztronical

      Actually most that frequent djtt are interested in the performance and how the person creates the music/skill level. It’s how we all learn and make new music for people to enjoy, which can include dancing, driving,mingling.
      You should never tell anyone how to enjoy music. Or for that matter any art form.

  • Awesomer

    Daedelus is a class act, we chatted a few times as far back as 2004/2005 after little shows at the Hemlock or 111 Minna, before he was enjoying his current very deserved success. A nice, gentle guy who pushes the boundaries of music and technology? More please.

  • Dan Leach

    Great article! Interested to know how exactly the audience interaction is going to work…this could be the next evolution of live music.

  • superfly

    Saw him at the Getty in about 2005, he was using the older Monome pictured above, I literally chased him down after his show and just spit out, “What the hell is that?” That show and brief meeting with him totally spurred my interest in new types of gear and new ways of playing after 20+ years on turntables.

  • Sine of the Times

    Excellent article on my personal hero in the electronic music scene. He gave me my first ever vinyl record at a show in Eugene, we even chatted about his sample selection (Toro Y Moi and Grizzly Bear) after the show. Thrilled to see he’s getting more recognition.

    • Devin Crow

      You saw him in Eugene too?!?!? I had a chat with him as well, truly a great guy, there’s no ego in his performance, for him, it’s all about sharing with the audience, really great.

  • Jon

    Thanks for doing this interview, Daedelus Boiler Room videos are always inspiring; he’s just so into the music and what he’s doing, it comes across as extremely sincere and very “alive”.

    • Mario García

      Oh man i just watched his first boiler room set cos of your comment and oh my gaaad! so underrated artist

  • Great interview!

  • monome256

    My want to note the monomer is not a “midi” controller is sends OSC data. Part of the OSC/serial apps suite will convert the output to midi.

    • Dan White

      Great point! OSC ? MIDI.

      • DJ_ForcedHand

        While they are not the same (OSC is a more advanced protocol), they are all forms of Human Input Device which can be translated by almost every computer… with the right software and hardware ports.

        • Dallas

          MIDI or OSC are nothing to do with HID. HID (stands for Human INTERFACE Device) is just a type of computer devices (like CDC or Mass Storage devices). Sure you can send MIDI data to a computer using a HID device, but the standard protocol is rather the MIDI device (a sub class of the Audio device). Computers don’t need to translate anything since HID class just defines the way the device interacts with the computer, not the data transmitted.

  • GAR©ON

    He’s a cat-man, I’m a dog-man. We probably wouldn’t get along 😉 . He talks sense though, so you never know.

  • Peon Golden


    • are you for real?

      • Ztronical

        Peon does not understand, and sometimes ignorant people who don’t understand say ignorant things.

        • Oddie O’Phyle

          the fact that his name is “peon” kinda says it all.

  • Ian Golden


  • maxxify

    Awesome spotlight on one of the best Monome users out there – do one with Edison next!