The largest community for DJ and producer techniques, tutorials, and tips. Traktor secrets, controller reviews, a massive MIDI mapping library, and more.

The Perfect Pump: 3 Sidechain Compression Plug-ins Compared

If you produce electronic music in 2015, chances are you will need to apply sidechain compression to some of your instrument tracks. It’s the technique that melds the bass to the kick drum and creates a rhythmic pulsing to the music that has moved dancefloors since at least ’97. Since the technique is so ubiquitous, what is the best plug-in for the job? Three affordable short-cut plug-ins to sidechain compression make the process easy. Ride the waves of their results after the jump.

What Is Sidechain Compression?

Sidechain compression gained infamy with the extreme pumping sounds of French house (think “Around the World” or “One More Time” by Daft Punk for well-known examples) and is now just about required of any dance or pop music, especially music using four-to-the-floor quarter-note kick drum patterns.

The technique uses the audio signal of one track to trigger a compressor (or sometimes a gate) placed on a second track so that the second track is silenced or quieted when the first track exceeds a certain dB threshold. You can think of it like the kick drum scooping out the frequencies from the compressed tracks.

Most commonly, you feed a quarter-note kick drum track into the sidechain of a compressor that attenuates the volume of a synth pad, bass or whole group of tracks when the kick drum sounds. With the right ratio set on the compressor, this can produce a subtle-to-extreme pumping sound to the music.

But more importantly, sidechain compression can be a vital mixing tool for stopping low-frequency tracks from interfering with each other in the mix and producing bass mud in the music. When sidechaining the kick drum to a compressor on a bass track using a mid-range compression ratio, you may not even realize it’s there, but will realize if it’s taken away because the articulations of the bass and kick drum will become less clear.

Sidechain Compression Setup

A lot of DAW programs these days include stock plug-in effects that include sidechain functionality built in. For example, Ableton Live 9 has six stock effects with sidechaining built in: Auto Filter, Compressor, Corpus, Gate, Glue Compressor and Multiband Dynamics. It’s pretty easy to set up sidechaining with those effects.

Ableton_Live_9_Compressor
Ableton Live 9 Compressor Sidechaining
Make sure the Sidechain Toggle arrow is open, turn on the Sidechain switch on, and set the Audio From input to your kick drum track (see image). From there, you have to make sure the Threshold is set low enough for the kick to trigger it, adjust the severity of the compression with the Ratio control, dial in the timing of the effect with the Attack and Release settings, etc.

While it’s not that tough to learn to setup sidechain compression in that way, and it helps to understand how to manipulate a compressor’s controls, two of the coolest boutique plug-in developers for electronic music have crafted tools that were purpose built to perform sidechain-style compression with minimal setup and tweaking.

These plug-ins bypass sidechaining altogether and instead just apply rhythmic compression (or other effects) to the track, giving you the same (or better) results with less set-up. They are also more visual and intuitive to manipulate. Here are the 3 sidechain compression plugins we looked at:

  1. Nicky Romero Kickstart
  2. Cableguys VolumeShaper4
  3. Xfer Records LFOTool

Nicky Romero Kickstart

NIcky_Romero_Kickstart

Plug-in: Nicky Romero Kickstart
Price: $15/€10
Formats: Windows 7 or 8/Mac OS 10.8 or later, 32-/64-bit, AU/VST
Demo Conditions: Fully functional with no time limit, but limited to one instance per song and the save function is disabled.

What It Does

Drop this on a DAW track, and Kickstart immediately applies sidechain-style compression to that track. It has four timing settings (1/8 note, ¼ note, ½ note and whole note) and 16 waveshapes for choosing the timing and severity of the effect, which you’d otherwise have to dial in with compressor controls with less visual feedback. You can also shift the waveshape from left to right to alter its timing. One advanced setting lets you trigger the effect from incoming MIDI notes.

The Bottom Line

Kickstart accomplishes its goal of making pulsing, sidechain-style compression super fast to set up, with great results at a very low price. The selectable waveforms cover most of the uses you’d have for this effect in dance music, including moderate-to-extreme pumping, reverse timing and some rhythmic gating effects. You don’t get as much flexibility as with the others because the name of the game here is just fast results. Superstar producer/DJ Nicky Romero helped design it for that purpose along with Cableguys, who also make the more feature-rich VolumeShaper 4.

Audio Examples

Kickstart Classic Chain

Kickstart Subbass Chain

Cableguys VolumeShaper4

Cableguys_VolumeShaper_4

Plug-in: Cableguys VolumeShaper 4
Price: $40/€30
Formats: Windows 7 or 8/Mac OS 10.8 or later, 32-/64-bit, AU/VST
Demo Conditions: Fully functional with no time limit, but limited to one instance per song and the save function is disabled.

What it Does

Kickstart is basically the bare-bones version of VolumeShaper 4. If you want to simply use VolumeShaper 4 for basic sidechain-style compression, you can do that using either the included presets or by quickly choosing one of the Ducking waveforms in the menu under the main wave display. However, VolumeShaper 4 lets you create and save your own waveshapes my clicking and dragging points on the grid. The points will either snap to the grid values, or you can fine-tune them by holding Shift while moving the point.

Not only that, but you can create three waves for applying to three frequency bands—low, mid and high—and set your own frequency range for those bands to cover. That’s a handy innovation, because while you could place VolumeShaper 4 on lots of individual tracks—as Madeon says he does—you could also try creating a track group containing every track you wanted to compress in it and then construct three waves within the plug-in to handle rhythmic compression for different frequency elements. Or by putting the plug-in on individual tracks, you could use the low and high bands to zero-out frequencies above and below your chosen range, while applying sidechain-style compression to the remaining mid range.

Cableguys_VolumeShaper_4_Presets
VolumeShaper 4 Presets
Of course you can also meticulously apply different sidechaining curves to all three frequency bands for getting the best sound out of a track that covers a large frequency range, like a big, multi-layered synth chord progression. It’s really liberating to experiment with the possibilities.

VolumeShaper 4 also has many more timing options for triggering its looped waveforms with 18 beat-synced settings, Hertz or incoming MIDI.

The Bottom Line

If you want to get creative with your sidechain compression or like the idea of treating three separate frequency bands with different waveforms, VolumeShaper 4 is worth the moderate extra cost.

Audio Examples

VolumeShaper 4 Custom 3 Band Chain

VolumeShaper 4 Tighten Beat

Xfer Records LFOTool

Xfer_Records_LFOTool

Plug-in: Xfer Records LFOTool
Price: $49.95
Formats: Windows XP or later/Mac OS 10.5 or later, 32-/64-bit, AAX/AU/VST
Demo Conditions: Limited to 15 minutes per use.

What it Does

Sidechain-style compression is just one of the tricks that LFOTool has up its sleeve. Xfer Records, creator of the beloved Serum wavetable synth plug-in, dreamed up LFOTool to apply a similar waveshape simulation of sidechain compression to vary a track’s volume, but in addition to volume, waves can also control track panning and the cutoff and resonance of one of dozens of filter types.

There are also dozens of useful presets onboard, including six Sidechain presets. The brand-new v1.5 uses the Sidechain 1 setting as it’s default, so you can be up and running right away. Of course you can save your own presets, as well as save individual waveshapes you create.

There are 12 LFO waveforms slots per setting, so you can route parameters to any LFO, and copy/paste waveforms to different slots. LFOTool gives you the most timing options for your waveforms, allowing them to repeat over a languid 16 bars to a ridiculously fast rate of less than a 1/256 note. You can also vary the LFO’s swing, phase and pulse width modulation (PWM).

Xfer_Records_LFOTool_Filter

You can switch the filter off, but turning it on opens the door to some transformational sound design. Playing with the different filter types, waveshapes, LFO rates, etc. can turn some statically played synth chords into an entirely different beast. And a Split function lets you process only a high or low side of the signal, which can let you preserve the integrity of part the sound, while mangling the other. LFOTool does this all while requiring a very low CPU load.

This plug-in isn’t completely intuitive at first, but mousing over the elements of its interface brings up some brief help messages at the bottom of the window, which helps you navigate it before you learn everything it can do.

The Bottom Line

The most sonically expansive plug-in of the three here, LFOTool doesn’t have the same frequency separation or fine-tuned waveshaping for sidechain-style compression of VolumeShaper 4. But it does have plenty of potential there, so if you’d like your sidechain compression plug-in to also function as an imaginative sound-design tool that can transform your sound with filters, consider investing in LFOTool.

Audio Examples

LFOTool Filter Pan Sidechain

LFOTool Sidechain 4

Markkus Rovito

 Do you use the stock compressor or a third party compressor?

Let us know in the comments below!

  • Pingback: 5 Production Techniques Every Audio Engineer/ Producer Should Know! – taras spahic music and audio()

  • Jin How

    i use kickstart by romero, although not all the time, but it’s simple and good enough to get the job done! nice work by cableguys…

  • Centaur

    Anyone looking for a surefire method when using compressors should read a book called “Mixing with your Mind”.

    How Stav details it is especially applicable to creating rhythmic pumping effects.

    Also if you duck things too hard with the Ableton compressor (think fast attack, high ratio, low threshold), whatever is triggering the sidechain input will bleed through onto the track. You can get around this by rendering out each track after processing and fading it manually where each kick (or snare or whatever) strikes.

    It’s time consuming, but you’ll thank yourself when you end up with a crispy clean mix. Works especially well with kick and subs, as they can be separated entirely from each other.

  • Patrick Ijsselstein

    i use Ableton’s autopan device to get rhythmic pumping audio, which is not the same as side chain compression ofcourse. But isn’t the technique used to separate kick drum and bass frequencies when they are in the same frequency range?

  • Jake

    Simple sidechain using ableton’s autopan by Vespers.

  • When it comes to 4 to the floor music, I personally prefer Waves One Knob Pumper.

  • Aaron Zilch

    Why are we confusing beginners by continually referring to this as “side chaining”? It’s not, there is no control signal coming in the “side”. We are talking about rhythmic modulation of volume. I understand using the term briefly in the title, but then after you briefly explain that these plug ins are not really side chaining, you go right back to referring to them as side chain compressors. It’s no wonder so many of these new kids have all their terminology jumbled and are confused about how common processes like LFO and envelope modulation actually work. Feeding in to their confusion for the sake of marketing and clicks doesn’t really help anyone in the big picture IMHO.

    • Thilo Be Cker

      So true.
      None of these have anything to do with the process of sidechaining (which can be used for much much more than just creating a pumping effect on a bassline)

  • haszari

    Of course worth mentioning that if you can loop or paste automation in your DAW (e.g. Live or Logic Pro X) then you can get a lot of these kinds of effects simply using automation. These plugins are a great source of inspiration for things you can do with the tools you already have.

    • Aaron Zilch

      True. But Automation Rate is only 128x a second. Some of the better plugins ( like The Drop ) have internal modulation that perform their calculations at the actual audio rate ( and can render even higher ). I know, it sounds nitpicky, and no one wants to hear they need to either get a faster CPU or spend more time bouncing, but to my ears it gets you a LOT closer to the pleasingly smooth sound of analog. Digital can sound as good as analog, you just need to have a developer who puts performance over CPU “efficiency”. Even in this digital age you get what you “pay” for.

      • haszari

        Fair comment. Of course any compressor plugin will run at audio rate. Plenty of options for the creative producers out there 🙂

        • Aaron Zilch

          I’m not sure about that hazari… according to posts I’ve seen from Andy Simper a bunch of plugins out there are running their internal modulation calculations at Control Rate. I would hope in the case of compressors that wouldn’t be a CPU efficiency over quality compromise they would take. But then again how many “virtual analog” synths admit to MIPmapping their oscillators? How many in “prosumer” market have the ears ( or monitoring setup ) to hear the difference? Their mixes just end up sounding weak and they think it’s because they need to pile on more plugs or get better at “mastering”. LoL. Now if you’ll excuse me, the circuit modeled filters just finished rendering at 32x oversampling, so I’m back to the mix 😉

          • haszari

            Again, fair comment, and technically correct. You sound a bit more focused on technical details than I am.

            Thanks for reminding me to verify with the Logic Pro X devs to make sure their bitcrusher plugin is running at audio rate.

  • CUSP

    I like the side-chaining inside Maschine as well. In addition to handling real-time drums, it’s a VST host with built-in Native Instruments effects. Routing Traktor through Maschine isn’t difficult, but it does require a re-think on the part of the DJ.

  • Pingback: The Perfect Pump: 3 Sidechain Compression Plug-ins Compared // Wilke()

  • calgarc

    I use Abletons built in compressor… it works, why fix what ain’t broken

    • MarcusMCB

      Same here. Basic side-chaining is a dirt-simple concept, even for someone who is unfamiliar with it. No need for a third party option really if that’s all you’re looking to do.

      • calgarc

        that and abletons crazy routing capabilities and shit 0_0

    • Aaron Zilch

      Well these are a bit more convenient and intuitive for the results people want. It can be way easier to adjust the timing and curve of the volume changes with them for one thing, since it is more visual ( though too many “producers” these days seem to rely more on their eyes than their ears ).

      And they aren’t really side chain compressors anyway. I think they are good tools but I also think the whole industry does way too much coddling of folks who can’t be bothered to read and reread their manuals to fully understand what common processes do.

  • Stillo

    I would love to see more plug-in articles like these but for different effects 🙂 It would give more variety to people’s music by encouraging them use different plug-ins rather than everyone using the same stock plug-ins.

    • CUSP

      Yes, putting more emphasis on VST effects will help make more 3rd Party effects happen, which is (in my opinion) a good thing.

  • Christopher Robertson

    How about some free alternatives?

    • Most DAW’s come with some type of side chaining option. FLStudio has side chain compression and also a “Peak Controller” that you can use to effectively duck beats etc. or you can just automate Volume and Eq.

  • Sambo

    Dont forget Grossbeat that comes with FL studio!